Glossaries - Report Companions: Balance Sheet Glossary - Page 1
Business Revenue in this format includes receipts from core business operations and interest income (Gov't) from private sources. Interest Income from government sources and Other income (such as rents and royalties) are generally detailed separately below Operating Income.
Cost of Sales includes materials and labor involved in the direct delivery of a product or service. Other costs are included in the cost of sales to the extent that they are involved in bringing goods to their location and condition ready to be sold. Non-production overheads such as development costs may be attributable to the cost of goods sold. The costs of services provided will consist primarily of personnel directly engaged in providing the service, including supervisory personnel and attributable overhead.
Gross Margin represents direct operating expenses plus net profit. In addition to the labor portion of Cost of Sales, wage costs are reflected in the Officers Compensation and Wages-Salary line items. In many cases, SG&A (Sales, General and Administrative) costs also include some overhead, administrative and supervisory wages.
Rent covers the rental cost of any business property, including land, buildings and equipment.
The Taxes paid line item includes payroll other paid-in tax items. Although it can be calculated in many ways and is a controversial measure, the EBITDA line item (Earnings before Interest Expense, income tax due, Depreciation and Amortization) adds back interest payments, depreciation, amortization and depletion allowances, and excludes income taxes due to reduce the effect of accounting decisions on the bottom line of the Profit and Loss Statement.
Net Profit represents net profit before income tax which will be assessed, in the case of small business s-corporations, after adding into any other personal owner income.